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Pubblicazioni / Ricerca sulla valutazione

  • Ancaiani A and Fantoni S
    (2014) Melanges De La Casa De Velazquez , 44(2): 313-318

    The evaluation of the products of research and its impact on the university system and the institutions of research: the italian case

  • Ancaiani A, Anfossi AF, Barbara A, Benedetto S, Blasi B, Carletti V, Cicero T, Ciolfi A, Costa F, Colizza G, Costantini M, di Cristina F, Ferrara A, Lacatena RM, Malgarini M, Mazzotta I, Nappi CA, Romagnosi S and Sileoni S
    (2015) Research Evaluation , 24(3): 242-255

    Evaluating scientific research in Italy: The 2004-10 research evaluation exercise

    The Italian Research Evaluation assessment for the period 2004-10 (VQR 2004-10) has analyzed almost 185,000 articles, books, patents, and other scientific outcomes submitted for evaluation by Italian universities and other public research bodies. This article describes the main features of this exercise, introducing its legal framework and the criteria used for evaluation. The innovative methodology that has been used for evaluation, based on a combination of peer review and bibliometric methods, is discussed and indicators for assessing the quality of participating research bodies are derived accordingly. The article also presents the main results obtained at the University level, trying to understand the existing relationship among research quality and University characteristics such as location, dimension, age, scientific specialization, and funding.

    DOI: 10.1093/reseval/rvv008

  • Abramo G, Cicero T and D'Angelo CA
    (2015) Journal of Informetrics

    Should the research performance of scientists be distinguished by gender?

    The literature on gender differences in research performance seems to suggest a gap between men and women, where the former outperform the latter. Whether one agrees with the different factors proposed to explain the phenomenon, it is worthwhile to verify if comparing the performance within each gender, rather than without distinction, gives significantly different ranking lists. If there were some structural factor that determined a penalty in performance of female researchers compared to their male peers, then under conditions of equal capacities of men and women, any comparative evaluations of individual performance that fail to account for gender differences would lead to distortion of the judgments in favor of men. In this work we measure the extent of differences in rank between the two methods of comparing performance in each field of the hard sciences: for professors in the Italian university system, we compare the distributions of research performance for men and women and subsequently the ranking lists with and without distinction by gender. The results are of interest for the optimization of efficient selection in formulation of recruitment, career advancement and incentive schemes.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.joi.2014.11.002